On Thursday, Germany, France, Ukraine, and Russia will discuss the conflicts between Moscow and Kyiv in Berlin. The consultations of these four countries took shape at an international commemoration of D-Day in 2014 in Normandy.
This so-called Normandy consultation group succeeded in 2015 in defusing the conflict in eastern Ukraine with agreements concluded in Minsk (Belarus).
Therefore, there is hope that these consultations can also help to improve the troubled relations between the Kremlin and the West. On Tuesday, French President Emmanuel Macron said that more could be gained from these consultations and was optimistic about it. German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock has said that these talks are the only way to improve relations with Russia.
According to the Kremlin, Western powers are escalating tensions by supplying Ukraine with weapons and planning for Ukraine’s NATO membership. Moreover, Russia considers the pro-Western change of power in Kyiv in 2014 as a coup d’état mainly concocted by the US against an elected pro-Russian president of Ukraine.
The West argues that there was a popular uprising and that the president was overthrown. However, shortly after his fall, civil war broke out in the east of the country, and Russia annexed the Crimean peninsula.